IELTS Academic Task 1 – Vocabulary

IELTS Academic Task 1 – Vocabulary

Linking Words for Writing Task 1 

Candidates have to support the points made by them in Task 1. One can use these words to inform the examiner of the additional ideas: 

  • In addition
  • Not only…but also
  • Also
  • Moreover
  • And
  • As well as
  • Furthermore

Listing Candidates can make use of listings to organize their ideas sequentially. These connectors can be implemented: 

  • Firstly
  • Secondly
  • Thirdly
  • Fourthly
  • Finally, lastly, or last but not the least

Highlighting Key Features These connectors can be used when one needs to explain the result of something: 

  • Specifically
  • Especially
  • In particular
  • Particularly
  • Obviously
  • Clearly
  • Of course

Consequences When candidates want to explain the result of something, these linking devices are somewhat helpful: 

  • As a result
  • Therefore
  • Thus
  • Consequently
  • For this reason
  • So
  • Hence

Causes and reasons In task 1, one must provide reasons for a particular statement, and using these can be beneficial: 

  • Due to
  • Because
  • Owing to
  • As
  • Since

In IELTS Writing Task 1, candidates are given a graph. Depending on the graph, they are supposed to write a report of 150 words. However, one must know task one vocabulary to achieve a high band score. It is given below for easier understanding: 

  • Fluctuation 
  • Growth 
  • Slump 
  • Variation 
  • Upsurge 
  • Uplift 
  • Rocketed 
  • Soar 
  • Peak 
  • Marginal 
  • Minor Small 
  • Modest 
  • Over the next three days 
  • Three days 
  • The following three days 
  • From this to that 
  • Between this and that 
  • At the beginning of the period 
  • At the end of the period 
  • The first year 
  • The last year 
  • Over the period
  • Levels off 
  • Peaks at 
  • It hits a high of 
  • It hits a low of 
  • Plateaus 
  • Dips 
  • Steep 
  • Sharp 
  • High 
  • Low 
  • Extreme 
  • Slow 
  • Summarises 

Vocabulary for Describing Increase and Decrease

Candidates can follow the possible pairings for increase and decrease: 

  • Noun phrase + verb + adverb 
  • There + be + noun + in + noun phrase

These phrases can be implemented:

  • Rises 
  • Increases 
  • Decreases 
  • Declines 
  • Plummets 
  • Plunges 
  • Drops 
  • Falls 
  • Goes up 
  • Surge 
  • Rocketed 
  • Went down 
  • Fell 
  • Growth 

In addition, many of the above words in the list can be paired together and are ideal to use while expressing increase or decrease. 

  • Verb + Adverb 
  • Adjective + Noun 
  • Noun + Noun 
  • Those with ‘have’ or ‘take’ 
  • Adverb + Adjective 
  • Verb + Noun 

For instance, while describing writing task 1, one can write: 

  • ‘Unemployment increased significantly.’
  • ‘It rose steeply.’ 
  • Jumped significantly 
  • It fluctuated slightly 
  • The rates dropped dramatically 
  • The prices dipped sharply 
  • There was a dramatic improvement 
  • A steady rise in oil prices 
  • It was a slight fluctuation 
  • A steep drop 
  • There was a sharp decline 
  • There was a rapid rise 

Vocabulary for Making Comparisons 

For writing task 1, candidates must make comparisons. It is always best to practice them so that one’s score can improve: 

  • Surpasses 
  • Equals 
  • More than 
  • Less than 
  • Greatest 
  • Least 
  •  Lesser 
  • Smaller 
  • Larger 
  • Greater 

Vocabulary for Summaries 

It is essential to present an overview in Writing Task 1. One must present a summary with the main details to meet the criterion of Task Achievement. However, the candidate must hold a stronghold over task one vocabulary, which is underlined below: 

  • As is observed 
  • It can be seen that 
  • At the first glance 
  • It is evident from the chart 
  • Generally speaking 
  • In general 
  • Overall 
  • A glance at the graph reveals that 

Which Tenses Should Be Used? 

It is crucial to use the proper tense to achieve a good score on the IELTS. That is why one must use the below-mentioned tenses while attempting Writing Task 1: 

  • Present simple- This can be used when candidates want to describe something taking place in the present. 
  • Past tense- When the dates are given in the past, this tense must convey the meaning. For example, men enjoyed about 45 hours of leisure time. 
  • Future tense– This is applicable when one needs to predict something. For instance, life expectancy is expected to surge in almost every country. 
  • Past perfect– Generally, this tense defines the former years. For example, the price of oil rose. 

Vocabulary for Approximation and Fractions 

Candidates are expected to use a wide range of vocabulary as they are marked on the lexical resource criterion: 

  • One-tenth 
  • One quarter 
  • Half 
  • Three quarters 
  • Around 
  • Just over 
  • Roughly 
  • Nearly 
  • Around 
  • Approximately
  • Less than 
  • More than 
  • Equal to 

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