IELTS Writing Ideas – 2

IELTS Writing Ideas – 2

Ideas in Writing Task 2 can be a major deterrent in IELTS. Ideas have been complied below and can be very helpful.

6. Environment

Global Warming

  • Gases such as carbon dioxide trap heat from the sun.
  • This causes global temperatures to rise.
  • This process is known as the greenhouse effect.
  • Human activity is a major factor in the rise of the greenhouse gases.
  • Factories and vehicles produce emissions and exhaust fumes.
  • Many developing countries are becoming industrialised.
  • The number of cars on our streets is growing.
  • Cheap air travel is allowing more people to fly.

Effects of Global Warming

  • Global warming will have a significant impact on our planet.
  • Rising temperatures will cause melting of the polar ice caps.
  • Sea levels will rise.
  • We can expect more extreme weather conditions.
  • Flooding and droughts may become more common.

Impact of Humans on the Environment

  • The increasing world population is putting pressure on natural resources.
  • Fossil fuels like oil and gas are running out.
  • We are destroying wildlife habitats.
  • We have cut down enormous areas of rainforest.
  • This has led to the extinction of many species of animals and plants.

Solutions to Environment Problems

  • Governments could introduce laws to limit emissions from factories.
  • They should invest in renewable energy from solar, wind or water power.
  • They could impose “green taxes” on drivers and airline companies.
  • Government campaigns should promote recycling.
  • Natural areas and wild animals should be protected.
  • Individuals should also try to be greener.
  • We should take fewer flights abroad for holidays.
  • We should take public transport rather than driving.
  • We should choose products with less packaging.
  • We should recycle as much as possible.

Waste / Rubbish

  • The amount of waste we produce has increased.
  • This problem is a result of our consumer culture.
  • Products are not made to last.
  • If something breaks, we throw it away and buy a new one.
  • Advertisers encourage us to buy the newest fashions.
  • Packaging is an important part of selling.
  • Most foods are sold in non-biodegradable plastic packaging.
  • The amount of household waste is growing.
  • This waste ends up in landfill sites.


  • People do not think about the consequences of dropping rubbish.
  • They assume that somebody is paid to clean the streets.
  • Plastic packaging does not break down easily.
  • Most of the litter seen on streets is fast food packaging.

Recycling and Other Solutions

  • Companies should make goods that last longer.
  • They should not use so much packaging.
  • Governments should be stricter about waste produced by companies.
  • They should put legal limits on packaging.
  • Consumers should avoid buying over-packaged products.
  • We should recycle and reuse useful materials.
  • There are collection banks for glass, paper and plastic bottles.
  • Households can use several rubbish bins to separate waste.
  • Recycling saves energy and raw materials.

Nuclear Power: Positives

  • There are several benefits to building more nuclear power stations.
  • Fossil fuels like oil and gas are running out.
  • Nuclear power is a relatively sustainable energy source.
  • It can be used to produce electricity without wasting natural resources.
  • It could replace the use of natural resources like coal, oil or gas.
  • Nuclear power stations are cleaner than fossil fuel power stations.
  • They could help to reduce carbon emissions that cause global warming.
  • The risks of accidents are being reduced.

Nuclear Power: Negatives

  • Opponents of nuclear power worry about the safety of power stations.
  • The building of new nuclear power stations is unpopular.
  • Nobody wants to live near one.
  • Nuclear waste disposal is a significant problem.
  • There is currently no way to decontaminate radioactive material.
  • People worry that terrorists could steal radioactive materials.
  • It is safer to produce energy from solar, wind or water power.

7. Family

Family Size

  • Families in many countries are not as large as they used to be.
  • We tend to live in small nuclear families rather than large extended families.
  • Parents tend to have fewer children.
  • Young children are no longer expected to work.
  • Nowadays both parents often work.
  • It costs so much to bring children up.
  • It is more difficult to raise a large family.

Working Parents (also see “Gender” topic)

  • Children and their parents seem to be less close nowadays.
  • Parents spend less time with their children.
  • Women traditionally stayed at home to cook, clean and look after children.
  • Nowadays both parents often work full time.
  • Children may be left alone, or with nannies or babysitters.
  • Busy parents have less contact with their children.
  • Many families no longer eat meals together.
  • Children spend more time with friends or surfing the Internet.

Negative Effects on Children

  • The lack of closeness in families can have a negative effect on children.
  • Many parents have no idea how their children spend their time.
  • Friends, television and the Internet become the main influences on children’s behaviour.
  • Teenagers are influenced by peer pressure.
  • Some of them join gangs.
  • Juvenile delinquency is on the increase.
  • Parents should be more involved with their children’s upbringing.
  • Young people need positive role models.


  • In the past, divorce was unacceptable.
  • It was considered to be embarrassing for a family.
  • People stayed together for religious or family reasons.
  • Divorce is more socially acceptable nowadays.
  • It has become much more common.
  • Divorce can be extremely stressful.
  • Lone parents may face financial difficulties.
  • Many single parents have to rely on benefits paid by the state.
  • Divorce can have a negative effect on children.
  • Children from single-parent families are more likely to get lower grades or drop out of school.
  • The rise in divorce rates may be connected to some social problems.

Care for Old People

  • Caring for elderly people was traditionally the responsibility of families.
  • Adults had to look after their elderly parents.
  • A woman’s job was to stay at home taking care of her family.
  • Nowadays, fewer elderly people are looked after by their relatives.
  • Residential homes provide care for large numbers of elderly people.
  • Some families are unable to look after elderly relatives.
  • Families tend to be smaller these days, and women often have full-time jobs.
  • Care homes provide a professional service for senior citizens.
  • Nurses are better trained than family members.

Care for Old People: Opinion

  • The best form of care for the elderly depends on the family situation.
  • It depends on whether family members have the time and resources.
  • We all have a responsibility towards the older people in our society.
  • Governments should invest money in facilities and training for care workers

8. Gender (Males and Females)

Gender and Education

  • Men and women should have access to the same educational opportunities.
  • Males and females should be accepted onto courses according to their abilities.
  • It is wrong to discriminate against students because of their gender.
  • Gender should be irrelevant in education.
  • Students’ achievements should depend on hard work and individual merit.
  • In the UK, there are similar numbers of male and female students in higher education.

Gender and Work

  • Men and women should have access to the same professional opportunities.
  • Both men and women should be able to pursue a career.
  • They should earn equal salaries.
  • They should be employed according to their abilities, qualifications and experience.
  • Traditionally, women have been restricted to certain roles.
  • They were often employed as secretaries or receptionists.
  • Nowadays, a range of occupations is available to both sexes.
  • Career success depends on individual merit.

Women’s and Men’s Role in the Family

  • Some people argue that a mother should not work.
  • She should stay at home and bring up her children.
  • The father should be the breadwinner of the family.
  • Others believe that both parents should share these responsibilities.
  • Working women can take maternity leave during and after pregnancy.
  • Many mothers continue to work after this period.
  • Many fathers and mothers share their parenting and domestic responsibilities.
  • They contribute equally to childcare, cooking and cleaning.
  • Some women may have better career prospects than their husbands
  • Paternity leave and “househusbands” are becoming more common.
  • Traditional gender roles are gradually changing.
  • Families can divide roles and responsibilities in the most convenient way.

9. Genetic Engineering

Positives of Genetic Engineering

  • Genetic engineering is the practice of manipulating the genes of an organism.
  • It is used to produce crops that are more resistant to insects and diseases.
  • Some genetically modified crops grow more quickly.
  • Some drugs and vaccines are produced by genetic engineering.
  • It may become possible to change humans’ genetic characteristics.
  • Scientists may use genetic engineering to cure diseases.
  • Inherited illnesses would no longer exist.
  • Genes could be changed before a baby is born.
  • It could also be possible to clone human organs.
  • We could all have replacement body parts.
  • Humans could live longer, healthier lives.

Negatives of Genetic Engineering

  • There are ethical concerns about human genetic engineering.
  • Parents might want to choose their children’s characteristics.
  • This would be unnatural.
  • It would be unacceptable in most religions.
  • Soldiers could be cloned from the genes of the strongest people.
  • Clones might be used like robots to do certain jobs.
  • Clones might even be developed just for organ replacements.
  • Society and human evolution would change completely.
  • Currently, human genetic engineering is prohibited.

Genetically-Modified (GM) Foods: Advantages

  • Farmers can produce crops that grow bigger and faster.
  • Some GM crops are more resistant to disease or insects.
  • This could be important for food production in developing countries.
  • Faster growing cereals, fruit and vegetables will mean more profit.
  • GM foods can be modified to look perfect.
  • They may be more attractive to customers.

Genetically-Modified (GM) Foods: Disadvantages

  • There may be risks involved in the genetic engineering of foods.
  • GM crops might change whole ecosystems.
  • Food chains could be broken if crops are resistant to predators.
  • Organic foods are produced without chemicals or genetic modification.
  • Organic farming may be slower and more expensive.
  • However, the environment is not damaged by fertilisers or pesticides.

10. Global Issues

Problems in Developing Countries

  • Developing countries face a range of problems.
  • Standards of healthcare and education are low.
  • Life expectancy is usually lower than in developed countries.
  • There is a lack of infrastructure, employment and good quality housing.
  • Many people are forced to live in poverty.
  • Food, drinking water and basic medicines are in short supply.

How to Help Developing Countries

  • The best form of help for developing countries is development aid.
  • Richer nations can help by investing in long-term projects.
  • Governments and charities can help by building new houses and schools.
  • Globalisation may also help developing countries.
  • Multi-national companies are creating jobs in developing countries.
  • On the other hand, many people emigrate to find work in richer countries.
  • They often send money back home to their families.
  • This money helps to improve the standard of living in developing countries.


  • Some people move to another country in search of a better life.
  • Many immigrants come from less developed countries.
  • Richer, industrialised countries may offer opportunities for employment.
  • Free healthcare and schooling are available in some developed countries.
  • Other people migrate to a foreign country to improve their academic qualifications.

Positives of Immigration and Multi-Cultural Societies

  • From an economic perspective, immigration can be extremely positive.
  • Many immigrants have skills that are needed in the country they move to.
  • Immigrants who find work contribute to the economy of their new country.
  • Many immigrants send money home to help family members.
  • Immigration also creates cultural diversity.
  • People of many different nationalities learn to live together.
  • This can help people to become more open-minded and tolerant.

Negatives of Immigration

  • Some people believe that immigrants take jobs that should go to local people.
  • Some immigrant workers work longer hours for less money.
  • Companies might pay lower salaries to immigrant workers.
  • Unemployment rates could rise if there are too many immigrants.

Opinions about Immigration

  • Immigration can help the economy of a country.
  • It can create multi-cultural societies.
  • However, immigration needs to be controlled.
  • In many countries, immigrants need visas or work permits.
  • Governments should stop companies from exploiting immigrant workers.
  • Foreign and local workers should have the right to equal pay and conditions.

Positives of Globalisation

  • Business is becoming increasingly international.
  • Multi-national companies do business across the world.
  • Companies like MacDonald’s can be seen on high streets in most cities.
  • Goods are produced in one country and sold in many others.
  • A global economy means free trade between countries.
  • This can strengthen political relationships.
  • Globalisation can also create opportunities for employment.
  • It encourages investment in less developed countries.
  • It could reduce poverty in the developing world.

Negatives of Globalisation

  • Globalisation is not always beneficial to everyone.
  • Companies can move to countries where labour is cheap.
  • This creates redundancies, or job losses.
  • Employees cannot be confident that they have stable jobs.
  • Companies sometimes exploit their employees in developing countries.
  • Global trade creates more waste and pollution.

The Future of Globalisation

  • There should be global regulations for salaries and working conditions.
  • Governments should impose laws to protect the environment.

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