IELTS Vocabulary Topic wise

IELTS Vocabulary Topic wise

Family and friends

  1. A lifelong friend – A friend that you have had for most of your life
  2. A relationship of trust – a connection with another in which you have faith and confidence
  3. Arrange a dinner date – Plan to share an evening meal
  4. A shoulder to cry on – Someone to sympathize with you
  5. Close knit family – A close family with common interests
  6. Dear to my heart – Someone that I care about
  7. Distant cousins – People who share a common ancestor but are not closely related
  8. Extend the hand of friendship – Reach out to someone in a friendly manner
  9. Extended family – Uncles, aunts and cousins form part of the extended family
  10. Face to face – In person
  11. Get to know one another – Learning different aspects of each other
  12. Get together – Meet up
  13. Immediate family – Spouse, parents, children, grandparents
  14. Long lost friend – A friend that you have lost contact with
  15. Long-term relationships – A committed relationship between partners
  16. Nurture our friendships – Looking after our relationships with friends
  17. Professional relationships – The relationships that we have in the workplace
  18. Relationship problems – Difficulties with people with whom we interact regularly
  19. Share a common background – The share a similar heritage or culture
  20. Share the same ideas – To have similar opinions and views
  21. Stand the test of time – To last a long time
  22. Struck up a friendship – To make friends
  23. To enjoy someone’s company – To enjoy spending time with someone
  24. To have a good working relationship – To work together well
  25. To have a lot in common – To have shared interests
  26. To hit it off – To like each other straight away
  27. To keep in touch with – To keep in contact
  28. To lose touch with – To lose contact


  1. A balanced diet – A diet of mostly healthy food that has the right amount of nutrients
  2. A bottle of bubbly – Sparkling wine
  3. A decadent chocolate pudding – Luxurious or self-indulgent chocolate pudding
  4. A doggy bag – The leftovers of a meal in a restaurant taken home
  5. A scrumptious meal – A delicious meal
  6. A slap up meal – an expensive or very indulgent ‘treat’ meal
  7. A sweet tooth – An enjoyment of sweet food
  8. An English breakfast – A large cooked breakfast that includes egg and bacon
  9. Calm the hunger pangs – To reduce the discomfort caused by hunger
  10. Candle lit dinner – A romantic dinner by candlelight
  11. Covered in a rich sauce – Covered in a creamy gravy
  12. Cut down on – To reduce consumption
  13. Daily consumption – The amount that you eat everyday
  14. Dying of hunger – Very hungry
  15. Exotic meals – Meals that originate in other countries
  16. Fine dining – Food catering to expensive tastes in a formal setting
  17. Food preparation – Preparing food
  18. Food production – Producing food
  19. Fussy eater – Someone dislikes many foods
  20. Home cooked meals – Meals cooked at home
  21. Homemade food – Food made at home
  22. Junk food – Food with little nutritional value
  23. Leafy vegetables – Vegetables such as spinach and cabbage
  24. Mouth-watering meals – Delicious meals
  25. Nutritious food – Food with many nutrients
  26. Quick snack – a small meal that’s easy to eat ‘on the go’.
  27. Packed with vitamins – Full of vitamins
  28. Piping hot cup of coffee – Very hot coffee
  29. Pub lunch – Lunch served in a bar
  30. Rabbit food – Salad vegetables
  31. Ready meals – Heat and eat meals
  32. Refined carbohydrates – Foods such as white rice, white bread
  33. Savouring the food – Enjoying the food
  34. Scrumptious meal – An exceptionally tasty meal
  35. Seasonal fruits – Fruits that grow in season
  36. Starving hungry – Extremely hungry
  37. Wining and dining – Entertainment that includes good food


1. Affordable destinations – Places within a reasonable price range
2. Affordable travel – Travel which is within your price range
3. Around the world – In all corners of the globe
4. Arts and culture – The art, music and other cultural aspects of an area
5. Craft markets – Stalls where goods made by the local people are sold
6. Do as the locals do – Enjoy the activities as the local people do
7. Efficient public transport – A functioning transport system intended for the use of residents and visitors
8. Exotic destinations – Unusual or strange holiday destinations
9. Get around – Get from place to place
10. Guided tours – Walking, hiking or driving visits led by a guide who knows the area
11. Holiday brochures – Pamphlets advertising holiday destinations
12. Holiday destination – Place to which you leave on holiday
13. Long haul flights – Long distance flights
14. Lush rainforests – Luxuriant equatorial forests
15. Magnificent landscapes – Impressive scenery
16. Make advance reservations – Booking ahead of time
17. Memorable experiences – Activities that you will remember for years
18. Off the beaten track – A place that is not on the main thoroughfare
19. Out of season – Outside the most popular holiday period
20. Packaged deals – Travel deals that are put together by an agency and sold as a package
21. Quaint villages – Old-fashioned or charming small towns
22. Scenic views – Lovely scenes
23. Self-catering accommodation – A Place to stay where you see to your own food
24. Spectacular beaches – Impressive sandy shorelines
25. Stunning architecture – Magnificent buildings
26. Swarming with tourists – Full of holidaymakers
27. Time on their hands – Available time to do as you choose
28. To get away from it all – To get away from everyday routines
29. To go sightseeing – Take a trip around an area to see what it has to offer
30. Travel abroad – Travel to overseas destinations
31. Travelling light – Travelling with little luggage
32. Value for money – A good return on investment
33. Visa regulations – Laws that relate to entry into a country
34. Wildlife safari – A guided tour through a game park


  1. Access to the Internet – Able to connect to the Internet
  2. Advances in technology – Progressive forward movement in technology
  3. Back up your files – To save your data to another device
  4. Become rapidly obsolete – Quickly become out of date
  5. Computer literate – Adequate knowledge of a computer
  6. Control remotely – To control technology from a distance
  7. Downloading from the Internet – Take data off one computer to another via the Internet
  8. Electronic Funds Transfer – EFT Payment via the Internet
  9. Emerging technology – Brand new machines and software
  10. Glued to the screen – Unable or unwilling to leave the digital device
  11. Hacking into the network – To gain illegal access to the computer
  12. Internet access – The ability to enter the Internet
  13. Internet of Things – A network connecting machines in a location so that they can be remotely controlled
  14. Internet-enabled – Machines or appliances that have Internet access
  15. Keep a hard copy – Keep a paper copy
  16. Labour saving device – An appliance that saves work
  17. Not rocket science – It is not very difficult
  18. Online piracy – The downloading of licenced media without payment
  19. Re-install the programs – To put computer programs back onto the computer
  20. Shop online – Shop via the Internet
  21. Shut down – Turn the computer off
  22. Social media networks – Online platforms for communication between people and organisations
  23. State of the art technology – The best technology available
  24. Surfing the web – To move from one site to another on the Internet
  25. To click on an icon – To use the mouse to click on the pictures to get into programs
  26. To crash – To stop working suddenly
  27. To Log in – To sign onto the computer
  28. To upgrade your computer system – To get a larger, quicker or more modern computer
  29. Wireless hotspots – A location where the Internet is available

Pollution and Environment

  1. outskirts of large towns: areas outside the city centre, suburbs or industrial district
  2. factory emissions: smoke and pollution from factories
  3. toxic fumes: smoke which is poisonous
  4. traffic jams: large queues of cars not moving
  5. pollutants in foods: dangerous chemicals
  6. pesticides: chemicals to keep bugs and animals away from plants
  7. chemical fertilizers: chemicals added to make soil stronger
  8. commute to work: drive or travel to work every day
  9. Mantra: frequently repeated statement
  10. reuse and recycle: use products again or find another purpose for them
  11. industrial waste is incinerated: waste which is burnt
  12. facilities for recycling: places where you can dispose of plastic / cardboard
  13. education programme: teaching and learning in school or elsewhere
  14. consequences: the outcomes
  15. interspersed with (birds): mingled with, mixed with
  16. campaign: high profile policy for the public
  17. scientists predict: ideas for the future
  18. disintegrate: break down into small particles
  19. microplastics: very tiny pieces
  20. single-use applications: use once then throw out
  21. own- brand products: unique to the shop or supermarket
  22. policy should be rolled out: implemented all over the country
  23. documentaries: factual TV programmes

People and Personalities

  1. confident: in control
  2. awkward: uncomfortable
  3. underneath the surface, I am paddling like a swan: looking calm but not feeling it.
  4. put up a façade: to pretend to be something you are not
  5. a control freak: to want to do things yourself
  6. an eye for detail: making sure everything is perfect
  7. reliable and dependable: be trusted not to let someone down
  8. punctuality: being on time
  9. disrespectful: impolite
  10. a negative trait: bad characteristic
  11. parental way: behave like a mother or final
  12. interpersonal skills: be good at talking to others
  13. empathetic: understanding others emotions
  14. generous listener: take time to hear what others are saying
  15. to emulate: to be like
  16. considerate: kind and thoughtful
  17. insecure: shy and not confident
  18. moody: sometimes happy and sometimes sad/ cross

Fitness and Health

  1. balanced diet: eating a sensible mix of different foods
  2. conscientious about my health: watching and caring about your heath
  3. flavoursome and appealing: good to eat and looking attractive
  4. convenient take away: food which you can eat at home
  5. healthier eating habits: eating less sugar or salt
  6. productive at work: achieving more, better results
  7. processed meat: meat in which there are additives or chemicals
  8. function successfully: to work, perform in a great way
  9. tempted by diets: interested in other ways of eating
  10. adopted a vegan diet: a vegan does not eat meat, or dairy foods
  11. broad minded: open to other ideas
  12. Sceptical: not believing something
  13. over production of meat: factories or agricultural methods which are focused on this
  14. Public service education message: advice from the government
  15. Positive reinforcement: rewarding people for doing the right thing

School and Education

  1. authentic: real, true
  2. old-school strict: traditional learning with punishments and controlling teachers
  3. teacher centred: where the teacher is leading the class
  4. encourage collaboration: learning together through discussions
  5. pressure to meet deadlines: having to finish work by a certain time / date
  6. assignments: homework or essays
  7. sail through them: not to have to work hard and to find things easy
  8. learning expectations: what the teacher expects from their student
  9. role plays: acting out a situation to simulate or practice it
  10. dictation: writing down what the teacher says, accurately and fast.
  11. breakthrough: a new development
  12. inspiring: something which makes you want to do better
  13. intonation: the ‘singing’ sound of speech
  14. paid off: was worth the effort
  15. outdated: old fashioned
  16. league tables: tables which rank the position of schools according to  academic success
  17. alumni: students who used to go to a certain school or college
  18. boarding school: where students live at school during the term time
  19. extra- curricular activities: anything NOT academic, eg sport, drama
  20. peer group: students of your own age, in your class
  21. remote: not being physically there / learning via computer

Work and Career

  1. A field (of work): an area or type of career
  2. Motivated about: wanting to do well in
  3. Internship: working for a short time, sometimes unpaid
  4. Apprenticeship: hands on, or practical work to learn a job
  5. Hands on: getting involved and doing everything to help
  6. Innovative small companies: with new, creative ideas
  7. Cutting edge: the best new technology
  8. Diagnose: to find out what is wrong
  9. Pediatrics: specialist child medicine (also spelled paediatrics)
  10. Routine check ups: a regular  (not urgent) visit to the doctors
  11. Huge appreciation: gratefulness and gratitude
  12. Follow up care: an appointment after an operation or illness
  13. Lucrative: money making or profitable
  14. Highly merited: well deserved
  15. Career ladder: moving up through promotions to the top of the company
  16. Pension scheme: money for retirement
  17. Job security: knowing you can keep your job / job safety
  18. Start up community: new small businesses sometimes internet based

University and Student Life

  1. Challenging: academically difficult
  2. Day in, day out: full time without a break
  3. Wide-ranging: covering a large spectrum / area of different knowledge
  4. Undergraduate: studying for a degree but having not yet achieved it.
  5. Postgraduate: having achieved a degree and now studying for a higher qualification, possibly a professional qualification
  6. STEM subjects: Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths
  7. Further education: studies after leaving school
  8. Technical colleges: places which do not demand such high entrance qualifications as university
  9. Vocational studies: focus on learning or mastering a skill
  10. Hands-on training: practical work/ learning
  11. To apply for a course: the process of registering for a university
  12. To get an (un)conditional offer: an offer which does not depend on previous exam results
  13. Halls of residence / student accommodation: a particular place to live for students
  14. Student union: an organisation for students / sometimes a physical place
  15. A fresher / an undergraduate / a graduate: a new student, someone studying for a Bachelors degree, a student who has finished their Degree
  16. A graduation ceremony: a formal occasion when Degrees are given out
  17. To take a gap year: a year between study and university
  18. To drop out of university: to leave before the course is finished
  19. Out of my depth: finding work / study too hard
  20. Seminar: smaller class of students with a Professor leading the discussion
  21. Lecture theatre: large building for a talk / lecture
  22. Extensive research: in-depth work done in a particular academic field

Leave a Reply