IELTS Writing Ideas – 3

IELTS Writing Ideas – 3

11.Government and Society

·        What governments can do

  • Governments provide public services like healthcare and education.
  • They support people who are living in poverty or unable to work.
  • Governments raise money by taxing working people.
  • They can spend money on resources and campaigns.
  • They can introduce new laws.
  • They can impose taxes.
  • They can raise people’s awareness of issues (e.g. climate change/healthy eating).
  • They can influence people’s habits and opinions.
  • They can create jobs.
  • They can regulate the activities of companies such as banks.
  • They can provide resources for schools.
  • They are also responsible for the security and well-being of their citizens.
  • They control armed forces and police forces.

Public Services

  • Governments pay the salaries of public sector workers like police officers and teachers.
  • The necessary money is raised by taxing people’s income.
  • Free education and healthcare may be provided by the state.
  • Some governments control public transport systems and even TV channels.
  • In other countries, these services are provided by private companies.
  • Some people believe that competition between private companies is good.
  • It helps to improve quality while bringing prices down.
  • Other people think that essential services should be free.
  • Governments should pay for them.

Censorship: Opinion

  • Governments can censor what the public sees or reads in the media.
  • To a certain extent censorship is necessary.
  • We should use censorship to protect children from violent images.
  • Some computer games involve killing people or committing crimes.
  • The Internet also needs to be controlled.
  • Many websites show pornography and violence.
  • There should be age limits for websites and computer games.
  • Parents need to take responsibility for checking what their children watch.
  • It is impossible for governments to control everything we see.

Video Cameras in Public Places

  • The use of CCTV is becoming widespread.
  • Video cameras have been installed in many public places.
  • They are supposed to protect us and deter criminals.
  • Many people think that this surveillance violates our privacy.
  • The authorities could build databases with our pictures and identities.
  • We should not be treated like criminals.

Smart Cards: Positives

  • Governments will probably introduce a digital identification card system.
  • Smart cards will have benefits and drawbacks.
  • They could help to reduce crime.
  • They could hold personal information, such as DNA.
  • Digital bank cards could contain fingerprint information.
  • It would be very difficult for criminals to use a stolen card.
  • It would be easier for police to identify people and catch criminals.

Smart Cards: Negatives

  • Many people are worried about losing their privacy.
  • Governments could store all our personal and medical information.
  • This information could be used by insurance companies.
  • Employers could check our health records.


People with Disabilities

  • People with disabilities should be treated the same as everybody else.
  • They should have the same rights as other people.
  • They should have access to the same jobs as other citizens.
  • Discrimination against disabled people is illegal in many countries.
  • Ramps and lifts for wheelchairs should be installed in public buildings.
  • Support teachers can be employed to help children with learning difficulties.

12.Guns and Weapons

Why guns should be legal:

  • In some countries, people are allowed to own firearms.
  • Individuals have the right to protect themselves.
  • People can use guns in self defence.
  • This deters criminals.

Why gun ownership should be illegal:

  • There is a risk of accidents with guns.
  • The number of violent crimes increases when guns are available.
  • Criminals may be armed.
  • The police then need to use guns.
  • Suicide rates have been shown to rise when guns are available.
  • Guns create violent societies with high murder rates.

Why police should use guns:

  • Many criminals use weapons.
  • The threat of a gun can deter criminals.
  • Police officers can force a criminal to surrender.
  • It is easier to arrest someone and avoid physical violence.
  • There is a danger of nuclear weapons being obtained by terrorists.
  • Nuclear weapons cannot be used against terrorist organisations.

Armed Forces: Positives

  • Armed forces provide security and protection.
  • They deter military attack by another country.
  • They can also be used to maintain peace within countries.
  • They can be used to give the police extra support.
  • Soldiers are also used to help in emergency situations, such as after a natural disaster.

Armed Forces: Negatives

  • Armies require a lot of funding from governments.
  • Too much money is spent on weapons and military technology.
  • This money could be spent on schools, hospitals and other public services.



  • The human body requires a balanced diet.
  • An unhealthy diet can cause various health problems.
  • Obesity, diabetes and heart disease are on the increase.
  • Many people nowadays rely on fast food or pre-prepared meals.
  • These foods often contain too much fat, salt and sugar.
  • They are cheap to buy and very easy to prepare.
  • Many young people have grown up on a diet of convenience foods.
  • Populations in developed countries are increasingly overweight.


  • Regular exercise is essential in maintaining a healthy body.
  • Exercise burns calories and helps to build healthy bones and muscles.
  • Doctors advise exercising at least three times a week for 20 minutes.
  • Most people nowadays lead a sedentary lifestyle.
  • We tend to walk less and do desk jobs.
  • Most adults relax by watching television.
  • Children play video games rather than doing outdoor sports.
  • In the past, people were more active in their jobs and at home.

Governments’ Role

  • Governments have a significant role to play in reducing obesity.
  • More and more people, including young children, are seriously overweight.
  • They are at risk of heart disease and diabetes.
  • This situation will increase the burden on hospitals and taxpayers.
  • Hospitals rely on the government for money and resources.
  • Governments should promote a healthy diet and regular exercise.
  • There should be more time for sport on school timetables.
  • Unhealthy junk food should be banned from school menus.
  • People need information about what foods contain.
  • Food packaging must show the food’s nutritional content.
  • The British Government recommends eating five portions of fruit and vegetables per day.

State Health Systems: Advantages

  • Good healthcare should be available to everyone for free.
  • State healthcare is paid by the government using money from taxes.
  • Everyone has access to the same quality of care and treatment.
  • Private healthcare is unfair because only wealthy people can afford it.
  • The National Health Service in the UK provides free healthcare for every resident.

Private Healthcare: Advantages

  • State hospitals are often very large and difficult to run.
  • Private hospitals have shorter waiting lists for operations and appointments.
  • Patients can benefit from faster treatment.
  • ·        Many people prefer to pay for a more personal service.
  • Patients have their own room and more comfortable facilities.

Alternative Medicine: Positives

  • People are increasingly using alternative medicines to treat illnesses.
  • For example, acupuncture can be used to treat backache.
  • Herbal medicines can be used to treat allergies or viruses.
  • Many patients report positive experiences with these treatments.
  • Some traditional cures have been used for hundreds of years.

Alternative Medicine: Negatives

  • Many alternative medicines have not been tested scientifically.
  • They may have no beneficial effects at all.
  • They may cause unknown side effects.
  • People should trust the opinions of qualified doctors.
  • An illness could get worse without treatment from a doctor.


  • Modern lifestyles are increasingly stressful.
  • People work long hours with strict deadlines.
  • Our busy lifestyles mean we have less time to relax.
  • Unemployment is a major cause of stress.
  • Children may be affected by their parents’ relationship problems.
  • Tests and exams can also cause stress.

How to Reduce Stress

  • Stress can be reduced by taking regular exercise and eating a healthy diet.
  • It is also important to get sufficient sleep and make leisure time a priority.
  • People should work less overtime and take regular holidays.
  • Schools have started to employ psychologists.
  • They can offer emotional support to students.
  • ·        They can help students to cope with exam stress.

14.Housing and Architecture

State / Council Housing

  • In some countries the government provides state or council housing.
  • This helps people who cannot afford to buy their own house.
  • It can be argued that state housing creates dependence on the government.
  • People should not rely on the government to look after them.
  • People have no incentive to earn money and buy their own home.
  • Council properties are often made with cheap, poor-quality materials.

Old Buildings

  • Historic buildings are part of a country’s heritage.
  • They should be protected.
  • Old buildings are often considered to be works of art.
  • They give character to cities and attract tourists.
  • They show us how people lived in the past.
  • We identify countries by architectural symbols like the pyramids in Egypt.
  • Governments should spend money on looking after historic buildings.
  • They need regular repairs and maintenance.
  • New buildings should be designed to complement them.

Modern / Green Buildings

  • Modern buildings should be designed to be environmentally friendly.
  • They should use less energy and produce less waste.
  • Modern insulation can make houses more energy-efficient.
  • Solar and wind power can be used to generate electricity.
  • Rainwater and waste water can be recycled and used to flush toilets.
  • ·        Modern glass buildings take advantage of natural light.


English as an International Language

  • English is widely used around the world.
  • It is becoming a global second language.
  • It is the dominant language of technology, science and international business.
  • International business meetings are regularly held in English.
  • The most important textbooks and journals are published in English.
  • The ability to speak English is a necessary skill in the modern world.

Negatives of English as an International Language

  • If one language is dominant, other languages may disappear.
  • The dominant language brings its own culture.
  • American culture has become popular around the world.
  • Other cultures may be damaged.
  • As an alternative to English, a new global language could be invented.
  • It would have no nationality or culture attached to it.
  • This could help to promote international peace and understanding.
  • Esperanto is an example of a language that was invented with this aim.

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