IELTS Writing Ideas – 4

IELTS Writing Ideas – 4


Money and Society

  • Society has become increasingly materialistic.
  • People aspire to earn more money.
  • They want a bigger house or a better car.
  • We connect wealth and material possessions with happiness and success.
  • Brands like ‘Armani’ or ‘Mercedes’ are status symbols.
  • Advertising creates new desires and needs.
  • It persuades us to buy the latest styles.

Positives of Consumerism

  • Consumerism creates employment.
  • It helps to reduce poverty.
  • It encourages innovation and creativity in business.
  • We live in a global economy.
  • We have a better quality of life.

Negatives of Consumerism

  • Consumerist societies create more waste.
  • They use more natural resources.
  • They cause damage to the environment.
  • Consumerism creates a “throw-away” culture.
  • Advertisers tell us who we are and what we want.
  • Wealth does not lead to happiness.
  • Materialism causes greed and crime.
  • We should return to traditional values like sharing.



  • Happiness means different things to different people.
  • It can be described as a feeling of pleasure or enjoyment.
  • People enjoy spending time with family and friends.
  • Hobbies, sports and games can be a source of fun and enjoyment.
  • Some people see money as a source of happiness.
  • Other people define happiness as something deeper.
  • In order to be truly happy it is necessary to live a good life.
  • We need to feel that we are doing something useful with our lives.
  • Some people get a sense of achievement from their work.
  • Others find happiness in bringing up their children.
  • Religion or a sense of purpose can also be a source of happiness.


  • People define success in different ways.
  • Some people get a sense of achievement from raising a family.
  • For others, success is defined by wealth or status.
  • We often think of rich and famous people as being successful in life.
  • Millionaires like Bill Gates are considered to be successful.
  • They have risen to the top in their chosen professions.
  • For some, being successful means achieving personal or professional goals.
  • They see success as the result of hard work.
  • Success in any field requires long-term planning and effort.

Nature or Nurture

  • Some people believe that our personalities are determined mainly by genetics.
  • We inherit our abilities and talents from our parents.
  • Others think that our education and upbringing are more important.
  • ·        We develop according to the influences around us.
  • Our personalities and achievements depend more on nurture than nature.
  • Many people argue that we control our own destinies.
  • We can shape our own personalities.
  • By working hard we can achieve any goal that we put our minds to.
  • Many successful people are “self-made”.
  • We are not limited by our genetic characteristics or upbringing.

18.Sport and Leisure

Arguments against Professional / Competitive Sport

  • Sport has become a business.
  • Professional sport encourages people to compete for money.
  • Many sports stars are only concerned about money and fame.
  • Some athletes take drugs in order to win at any cost.
  • Competitors are often selfish and rude.
  • They are not good role models for children.
  • All sports should be amateur.
  • Sports should be leisure activities rather than jobs.
  • People should do sporting activities for enjoyment and health reasons.
  • Taking part is more important than winning.

Arguments for Professional Sport

  • Professional sports are the same as any other business.
  • Many people are employed in the sports industry.
  • People should be able to use their talents to earn a salary.
  • Sports stars entertain millions of people.
  • Money is necessary to improve facilities and train athletes.
  • The level of professional sport is much higher than that of amateur sport.

Arguments for Competitive Sport

  • Competition is a natural instinct in humans.
  • In daily life we compete to get jobs or the highest grades.
  • Sports are a safe form of competition.
  • Competition is healthy because it pushes us to give our best.
  • Competitors and fans can release energy and aggression.
  • Supporters of teams feel a sense of belonging to a community.

Opinion: professional sport salaries are too high

  • Sports professionals earn too much money.
  • They do not provide a vital service.
  • Football players, for example, earn enormous salaries by simply kicking a ball.
  • We could all live happily without professional football.
  • Life would be difficult without doctors, engineers and other vital professionals.
  • Society does not seem to value these professions as highly as professional sport.
  • Sports salaries should be compatible with the wages most people earn.

Opinion: professional sport salaries are fair

  • It is fair that the best professionals earn a lot of money.
  • Sport is a multi-million-pound industry.
  • There is a large audience of sports fans.
  • Sports on television attract many viewers.
  • Sports stars have dedicated hours of practice to developing their fitness and skills.
  • Only the most talented among them will reach the top.
  • A sports career may only last 10 years.
  • Sports fans are willing to pay to support their teams.

Sport and Politics

  • Some people think that sport and politics should remain separate.
  • Governments are involved in the hosting of sporting events such as the Olympics.
  • These events attract investment and create jobs.
  • The Olympic Games are an advertisement for the host nation.
  • They attract huge numbers of visitors and sports fans.
  • Wealthy countries tend to hold these events.
  • Developing countries should be given the chance to become hosts.

19.Television, Internet, Phones

Positives of Television

  • Watching television is a good way to relax.
  • It is many people’s favourite way to wind down after a hard day at work.
  • Television programmes can be entertaining and enjoyable.
  • Viewers have access to a huge variety of entertainment channels.
  • Television brings the best comedians, musicians and actors into our homes.
  • Programmes can also be informative and educational.
  • News coverage makes the public aware of events around the world.
  • Documentaries can make learning more interesting.

Negatives of Television

  • Television is having a negative impact on society.
  • Some people link violence on television with crime rates in the real world.
  • Children copy the behaviour they see on the screen.
  • Children are less healthy because they spend less time playing.
  • Advertisers direct their marketing at children.
  • Most programmes do not require much thought.
  • Watching TV is a waste of time.

Opinions about Television

  • Television has many benefits.
  • However, it can be addictive.
  • ·        Children should play outside rather than sit in front of a screen all day.
  • Behaviour shown on TV can influence people.
  • Parents should choose carefully what their children watch.
  • Children should not be exposed to violence, swearing or sexual images.
  • Advertising during children’s programmes should be strictly controlled.
  • TV companies should make more positive, educational programmes.

Positives of the Internet

  • There are many advantages to using the Internet.
  • It gives us instant access to information on almost any subject.
  • Shops and other services are now available online.
  • People can buy goods and services from the comfort of their homes.
  • The Internet is starting to replace other forms of entertainment.
  • It has revolutionised communication.
  • We can keep in touch by e-mail or instant messenger services.
  • Video messaging is becoming common for business meetings.

Negatives of the Internet

  • Many websites contain offensive content.
  • Some sites show violent or sexual images.
  • Parents find it difficult to control what their children see online.
  • They do not always know who their children are chatting to.
  • With so many websites it is difficult to search for good information.
  • Criminals increasingly use the Internet to steal people’s money.

Internet Compared to Newspapers and Books

  • Newspapers and books are now published online as well as in print.
  • We can read the news in any language from any country in the world.
  • It costs nothing to publish or access information on the Internet.
  • The Internet allows anybody to publish their own writing.
  • Newspaper articles and books are written by professionals.
  • Professionals produce better quality writing than amateurs.
  • People still buy newspapers and books because they are portable.
  • People do not like reading from a screen.

Positives of Mobile Phones

  • The mobile phone is the most popular gadget in today’s world.
  • Mobile phones have revolutionised the way we communicate.
  • We can stay in touch with family, friends and colleagues wherever we are.
  • Users can send text messages, surf the Internet, take photos and listen to music.
  • Mobiles have also become fashion accessories.

Negatives of Mobile Phones

  • Mobile phones can be a problem in some public places.
  • Ringing phones cause disturbances in cinemas and school lessons.
  • Some people are not aware that others can hear their conversations.
  • Mobile phones may also interfere with electronic equipment.
  • Their waves could cause damage to our brains.
  • Mobile phones can also be a dangerous distraction.
  • Using a phone while driving reduces the driver’s concentration.
  • Mobile phones are a popular target for thieves.

Opinion about Mobile Phones

  • The benefits of mobile phones outweigh the drawbacks.
  • We need to use these phones with care.


Positives of Tourism

  • Tourism is a popular leisure activity.
  • People go on holiday to relax and have fun.
  • Tourists can experience different cultures.
  • They can sunbathe on beaches or go sight-seeing.
  • Travelling abroad opens our minds.
  • We can learn to speak other languages.
  • The tourist trade is vital for some economies.
  • It creates employment in services like accommodation, transport and entertainment.
  • Some areas rely on tourism for their income.
  • Tourists spend money.
  • Tourism attracts investment from multi-national companies.
  • It helps to improve the standard of living.
  • Low-cost airlines are making it cheaper to travel abroad.

Negative Effects of Tourism

  • Tourism can have a negative effect on the natural environment.
  • The building of facilities and infrastructure can destroy the habitat of wild animals.
  • Beautiful beaches are spoilt by the building of hotels.
  • Tourism creates pollution and waste.
  • It puts pressure on local resources.
  • Local traditions and cultures may be endangered.
  • A rise in the cost of living affects local people.
  • The price of goods, services and housing may increase significantly.

The Future of Tourism

  • Governments should introduce laws to protect natural environments and local cultures.
  • Tourism should have a low impact on wildlife.
  • Renewable resources like solar or water power should be used.
  • Waste should be recycled.
  • Local businesses such as farms should be supported.

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